The most famous of his offspring were his son Cesare, noted for the murder of political rivals, and his daughter Lucrezia who was married off to a number of husbands for political gain. A collection of popes who have had violent deaths through the centuries. In 1492, following the death of Pope Innocent VIII, Borgia emerged as the Pope with an unprecedented show of coercion and corruption, and held the office until his death in 1503. Pope Alexander VI Pope. On the death of Pope Innocent VIII the three likely candidates for the Holy See were Cardinals Borgia, Ascanio Sforza and Giuliano della Rovere; at no previous or subsequent election were such immense sums of money spent on bribery, and Borgia by his great wealth succeeded in buying the largest number of votes, including that of Sforza, and to his intense joy he was elected on the 10th of August 1492, assuming the name of Alexander VI. Papacy of Pope Pius III. ; Notre Dame, Indiana: The Ave Maria; 7th edition; 1893; pp. In order to consolidate his possessions still further, now that French success seemed assured, the pope determined to deal drastically with Romagna, which although nominally under papal rule was divided up into a number of practically independent lordships on which Venice, Milan and Florence cast hungry eyes. In 1492, following the death of Pope Innocent VIII, Borgia emerged as the Pope with an unprecedented show of coercion and corruption, and held the office until his death in 1503. Forced to return to Spain, Cesare – and the Borgias – had failed. Even if we do not accept all the stories of his murders and poisonings and immoralities as true, there is no doubt that his greed for money and his essentially vicious nature led him to commit a great number of crimes. But it was not long before his unbridled passion for endowing his relatives at the expense of the church and of his neighbors became manifest. Born: 1-Jan-1431Birthplace: Játiva, SpainDied: 18-Aug-1503Location of death: Rome, ItalyCause of death: unspecifiedRemains: Buried, Iglesia de Santiago y Montserrat, Rome, Italy, Gender: MaleReligion: Roman CatholicRace or Ethnicity: HispanicSexual orientation: StraightOccupation: Religion, Nationality: ItalyExecutive summary: Divided the New World for Portugal, Spain. Pope Alexander VI - Biography.Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo Lanzol Borja was Pope from 1492 until his death on 18 August 1503. As the nephew of Pope Callistus III, Pope Alexander VI (1431-1503) was the second member of the Borgia family of Spain to become pope.. Rodrigo, whose surname was originally Lançol/Llançol, was born in Játiva, near Valencia, in Spain. From 1480–82, he served as papal legate to France, beginning a long and complex relationship with the French crown. Alexander, although he could not get Savonarola into his own hands, browbeat the Florentine government into condemning the friar to death (May 23, 1498). Finally his stomach and bowels bled profusely. Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo Lanzol Borja was Pope from 1492 until his death on 18 August 1503. Reuben Parsons, D.D. Rumours that he was poisonedare probably false. Alexander carried on a double policy, always ready to seize opportunities to aggrandize his family. But his military force was uncertain, for the condottieri were not to be trusted. He was a larger-than-life figure while he was alive, always aggrandizing the Borgia family during his papacy. For the next 1000 years the continuity of the Church of Rome provided a semblance of stability as Europe sank into barbarism. One of his boon companions was Jem, the brother of the sultan Bayezid, detained as a hostage. by Fire: the medieval mind and the Renaissance : portrait of an age (1992). Papal Conclave of September 1503. Pope Alexander VI (January 1, 1431 – August 18, 1503), born Rodrigo Borja (Italian: Rodrigo Borgia), Pope from 1492 to 1503), is the most controversial of the Popes of the Renaissance, whose surname became a byword for low standards in the papacy of that era.More interested in wealth and power than in theology or spirituality, he was in reality a secular and not a religious leader. The expedition, if it produced no material results, laid bare the weakness of the Italian political system and the country's incapacity for resistance. Della Rovere, feeling that Rome was a dangerous place for him, fortified himself in his bishopric of Ostia at the Tiber's mouth, while Ferdinand allied himself with Florence, Milan, Venice, and the pope formed a league against Naples (April 25, 1493) and prepared for war. However, with no obvious signs of trauma only an autopsy could properly determine the cause of death. had neither the virtues which befit the Supreme Pontificate of Christendom, nor those of any ordinary man. room next to the papal apartment and seized all the silver that they found, together out of the window unless he handed over the keys to all the pope's treasure. He had annulled Lucrezia's marriage with Sforza in 1497, and, unable to arrange a union between Cesare and the daughter of Frederick, king of Naples (who had succeeded Ferdinand II the previous year), he induced the latter by threats to agree to a marriage between the duke of Bisceglie, a natural son of Alphonso II, and Lucrezia. The general political outlook in Italy was of the gloomiest, and the country was on the eve of the catastrophe of foreign invasion. John Paul I had been chosen to replace the deceased “Pope” Paul VI (1963-78), Giovanni Battista Montini. 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